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Help! My Child Doesn’t Want to Wear Glasses!

Do your kids need glasses in order to see clearly? Maybe they have a strong case of nearsightedness, perhaps they have astigmatism, or another type of refractive error. Whatever the cause, getting your kids to wear eyeglasses can be a parenting challenge.

Dr. Odish treats patients from all over Poway, CA with their vision correction needs. The knowledgeable, caring staff at Pomerado Scripps Optometry & Eye Care can help you and your kids if they’re struggling with their glasses or don’t want to wear them.

Why Won’t My Child Wear His or Her Glasses?

To help your children get the best vision possible, you first need to understand why they’re fighting with you over their glasses. It usually stems from something physical, emotional, or social, such as:

  • Wrong fit
  • Wrong prescription
  • Personal style
  • Reactions from friends

How do you know which it is? Pay close attention to the signs, from what your kids say, to how they behave, to how they interact with others.


Improper fit is a big reason why glasses could feel uncomfortable. If they slip down, itch behind the ears, or put pressure on the bridge of the nose, it can explain why a child wouldn’t like to wear them.

If there’s been a big change to their prescription, they may need time to get used to it. If they were given the wrong prescription, they may be straining their eyes, getting headaches, or having eye fatigue. An incorrect prescription can make wearing glasses painful or awkward. It doesn’t correct their vision, either, so they’ll still see blurry images. When this happens, your eye doctor can check the prescription and make an adjustment.


Your kids at home aren’t the same as your kids in school, on the sports field, or with their friends. They may be afraid of being made fun of in school, or they may not want the sudden attention on their appearance. These feelings can be even stronger among the tween and teen set.


Even young kids can feel different when they put on a pair of glasses, especially if it’s for the first time. Feeling different or weird, in their eyes, translates to a negative experience. When wearing glasses makes them feel like the odd man out, they may not want to wear them. The last thing your child wants is to feel like a social outcast. After all, everyone wants to belong.

How We Can Help

First, bring your child in to the eye doctor for an eye exam. Our optometrist, Dr. Odish, will check to make sure that your child has the right prescription and that any vision problems are being corrected. Next, we’ll take a look at the glasses and place them on your child’s face to determine if they’ve got the proper fit. Our optician will take care of any adjustments that need to be made.

The Vision They Need, The Style They Want

Fashion isn’t only for adults. Your budding fashionista or trendy young stud wants to look awesome, so don’t forget about style. When your kids look great, they’ll feel great! Give them the top-quality eyewear they need without compromising on style. Your kids are a lot more likely to wear glasses when they like the way they look.

What You Can Do to Help

Encourage, stay positive, and don’t give up. Avoid telling them what you want them to wear. Let them choose for themselves. In the end, they’re the ones wearing the glasses. Making decisions is an important life skill, something they’ll need as they grow up and become more independent.

For younger children, use positive words to encourage them. Talk about how glasses are like magic, letting them see beautiful things around them. Show them how a pretty flower or a bright red truck looks with the glasses on, and how different it looks with the glasses off. For older kids, throw in a little pop culture. Tell them how trendy they’ll look by showing them pictures of celebrities who also wear glasses. You’ll also rack up some cool parent points.

At Pomerado Scripps Optometry & Eye Care, we have the experience and unique approach to children’s eyewear that will make your kids want to wear their glasses. Schedule an eye exam today – you can book an appointment online right here. If you have any questions or concerns, give us a call and we’ll be glad to help.

Vision Loss from Macular Degeneration


Take one of your hands and place it directly in front of your eyes. Allow your pinky to barely touch your nose and keep your hand flat with your palm facing in. You should be able to see through your peripheral vision, while your central vision should be obstructed by your hand. This is how people typically see the world when suffering from age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

The name of the disease leads you to one of the largest risk factors for developing AMD – aging. Age-related macular degeneration is the leading cause of irreversible vision loss in people over the age of 50. Although aging is unpreventable, there are other risk factors to be knowledgeable about in order to slow the progression of the disease;

  • The family history of AMD. Do your research to determine if AMD runs in your family and ask your doctor what your options are. Studies have shown that individuals are 3 to 4 times more likely to develop AMD if someone in their immediate family has AMD.
  • Smoking may double your risk of developing AMD.
  • A diet high in saturated fat. Although foods such as cheese, butter, and pork may be delicious in the moment, consistently consuming them may cause issues for your vision down the road. Moderation is key.
  • Another unpreventable risk factor: race. AMD is developed more often in Caucasians than Hispanics or African-Americans. But don’t count yourself out just yet – anyone could develop the disease at any point in their life. Staying up-to-date with your regular checkups is vital to catching symptoms early.
  • Weight. Being overweight could double your chances of AMD.

The earlier you start taking immediate action to mitigate AMD, the better. It is important to note there are no cures for AMD; creating a lifestyle that avoids as many risk factors as possible is your best option to keep your central vision clear for as long as you can. Don’t wait until your vision is blurred to visit your doctor; take control of your vision and lead with this knowledge!

Healthy vision is our number one priority, and eye care education is key.

Age-related macular degeneration takes place when the macula is damaged. A macula is an area in the back of your eye (the retina), responsible for providing sharp, detailed central vision. The macula is crucial for tasks that require attention to details, such as driving and reading.

There are two different types of AMD;

  1. Dry AMD is the most common form. 8 in 10 people who have AMD have the dry form. Dry AMD occurs as the macula thins with age and drusen, or clumps of protein, grow. Vision loss slowly progresses with dry AMD.
  2. Wet AMD often facilitates rapid vision loss. This form of AMD is more severe and occurs when irregular blood vessels grow and leak under the retina. The fluid leaked from these vessels scar the macula.

While we encourage you to be cognizant of your eye health, if you or someone you know is struggling with vision loss, please don’t hesitate to reach out for help.


Here’s What You Should Know About Cataracts


Vision loss could affect nearly anyone as we age. Specifically, Cataracts are the most prevalent eye condition with more cases worldwide than any other chronic eye disease. Around the age of 65, 1 in 4 people has a chance of losing their vision. Although the truth regarding vision loss may be daunting, it is important to be educated on how to properly care for and prevent vision loss. Vision loss is unique to each individual, and it could develop in numerous ways. Cataracts may result in vision loss if left untreated.

A Cataract blurs vision as a result of clouds forming in the lens. The clouding is often visible in the affected eye and usually blurs the central vision before extending outwards. Most Cataract cases are found in people 40 or older, taking place in the lenses as the eyes age. However, Cataracts may also develop from eye injuries, eye diseases, or at birth.

Although Cataracts caused by advancing age is unpreventable, there are a few risk factors that may help you avoid developing the condition. If you already have Cataracts or know it runs in your family, being proactive and avoiding these additional risks will help prevent Cataracts from spreading.

  • Eat a diet with plenty of Vitamin C since a deficiency may progress the condition.
  • Quit smoking; the elements in the smoke may impact your eye cells and harm your vision.
  • Wear sunglasses whenever you are outside. Although you may not see the sun, you are always exposed to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays and they may damage the proteins in your lenses.
  • Have your eyes checked regularly? Diagnosing Cataracts in early stages will allow you and your doctor to take immediate, preventative action.

Despite these precautionary recommendations, as of August 2018, over 22 million Americans age 40 or older have developed Cataracts. With the growing population in America, it is estimated that over 30 million Americans will have developed Cataracts. Knowing these statistics, it is imperative you protect your vision and decrease your risk.

With advanced cases, surgery may be the only option for removing Cataracts. However, the surgery is often very successful with 90% of patients having vision clarity after the procedure. The procedure involves removing the affected lens and replacing it with a clear, artificial lens.

We want you to live a long, healthy life with a clear vision, and we hope this knowledge will support you in achieving that. While we encourage you to be cognizant of your eye health, if you or someone you know is struggling with vision loss, please don’t hesitate to reach out for help. Healthy vision is our number one priority.


Why you Need a Pair of Winter Shades

As San Diego residents, we may not find it unusual to see people wearing sunglasses during the winter season since we are fortunate enough to have sunny days year-round. Although wearing sunglasses during winter could just be a fashion statement, it is actually a vital precautionary measure to protect their eyes from harmful UV rays. For the same reason, we are encouraged to protect our skin with sunscreen on cloudy days, our eyes are constantly at risk.

There are numerous reasons why we are still susceptible to the sun’s rays during winter. First, since it’s fall, most of the leaves from the trees have fallen which removes the shade that usually shields us. Thus, without any of us even realizing it, we are more exposed to UV rays. Also, the sun sits lower in the sky in spring, autumn, and winter, which can cast damaging glares directly into eyes.

The sun’s position in the sky can be especially detrimental when these high glares reflect off 5% from grass, 25% from concrete and sand, 30-100% from water, and up to 90% from snow. When the sun is at its lowest on the horizon, between 8 – 10 am & 2-4pm, it is imperative to wear sunglasses to avoid maximum UV exposure. Lastly, 90% of UV radiation can penetrate clouds when we think the sun is hidden. Remember, although we may not see the sun, this doesn’t always mean the UV rays aren’t shining through.

To help you better understand these seasonal changes, Olivia Pedersen, a graphic designer, created this visual:


If you’re not protecting your eyes, the damage could be irreversible. Vision problems resulting from too much UV exposure include;

  • Cataracts - around 20% of cataract cases are thought to be have been caused or made worse by excessive UV exposure.
  • Macular degeneration
  • Cancers affecting the eye, eyelid, and surrounding areas.
  • Eye damage from photokeratitis, or “sunburned eyes”.
  • Eye damage from pterygium, a tissue that grows over the eyes

To ensure your vision is protected from these conditions, take these precautionary measures:

  • Purchase sunglasses with UV protection and wear them whenever you are outside.
  • If you can, keep extra pairs of sunglasses in your purse, in your car, and at work so you always have a pair handy.
  • If you wear prescription glasses, tinted or polarized prescription glasses are available.
  • Find glasses that fit close to your face, have wider lenses, and have thicker rims and arms to guarantee the most coverage possible.
  • Ask your optometrist for more personalized tips to better protect your eyes.

The more we educate our friends and family, the better. Unfortunately, “over 50% of parents do not require nor do they teach their children the importance of sunglasses and harmful UV exposure”, as revealed by The Vision Council. Remind your loved ones about the importance of protecting their vision. Next time you’re heading out the door this winter, don’t forget to grab your sunscreen, scarf, and sunglasses to ensure you’re checking all the boxes and caring for your body properly.


8 Tips to Relieve Winter Dry Eyes

Whether you live in a climate with cold winter weather or you are planning a ski trip up north, winter can be a challenge if you suffer from dry eyes. Dry, cool air, cold winds and even drier indoor heating can cause eye irritation, burning, itchiness and redness, and sometimes even excessively watery eyes as more tears are produced to compensate for the dryness. Many people have a chronic feeling that they have something in their eye and some even experience blurred vision. These symptoms can be debilitating!

Dry eyes is one of the most common complaints eye doctors get from patients during the winter season, especially in the cooler climates. That’s why we’d like to share some tips on how to relieve dry eye discomfort, and how to know when your condition is serious enough to come in for an evaluation.

Tips to Relieve Winter Dry Eyes:

  1. Keep eyes moist using artificial tears or eye drops. You can apply these a few times each day when the eyes are feeling dry or irritated. If over-the-counter drops don’t help or if you have chronic dry eyes, speak to your eye doctor about finding the best drops for you. Since not all artificial tears are the same, knowing the cause of your dry eye will help your eye doctor determine which brand is best suited for your eyes.
  2. Use a humidifier to counteract the drying effects of indoor heaters or generally dry air.
  3. Point car vents or indoor heaters away from your face when the heat is on. Try to keep your distance from direct sources of heating, especially if they blow out the heat.
  4. Drink a lot! Hydrating your body will also hydrate your eyes.
  5. Protect your eyes outdoors with sunglasses or goggles – the bigger the better! Larger, even wrap-around glasses as well as a hat with a wide brim will keep the wind and other elements out of your eyes. If you wear goggles for winter sports, make sure they fit well and cover a large surface area.
  6. Soothe dry eyes using a warm compress and never rub them! Rubbing your eyes will increase irritation and may lead to infection if the hands are not clean.
  7. Give your eyes a digital break. People blink less during screen time which is why extensive computer use can lead to dry eyes. Follow the 20/20/20 rule by taking a break every 20 minutes to look 20 feet away for 20 seconds and make sure you blink!
  8. For contact lens wearers: If you wear contact lenses, dry eyes can be particularly debilitating as the contact lenses can cause even further dryness and irritation. Contact lens rewetting drops can help your eyes feel better and may also allow you to see more clearly. Not all eyedrops are appropriate for use with contact lenses, so ask your optometrist which eyedrop is compatible with your contacts and cleaning solution. If rewetting drops don’t help, consider opting for glasses when your dry eyes are bad, and speak to your optometrist about which brands of contact lenses are better for dry eyes. Many people find dry eye improvement when they switch to daily single use contact lenses.

Chronic Dry Eyes or Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye syndrome is a chronic condition in which the eyes do not produce enough tear film, or do not produce the quality of tear film needed to properly keep the eyes moist. While winter weather can make this condition worse, it is often present all year round. If you find that the tips above do not alleviate your discomfort or symptoms, it may be time to see a optometrist to see if your condition requires more effective medical treatment.

Diabetes and Your Eyes

Diabetes is becoming much more prevalent around the globe. According to the International Diabetes Federation, approximately 425 million adults were living with diabetes in the year 2017 and 352 million more people were at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. By 2045 the number of people diagnosed is expected to rise to 629 million.

Diabetes is a leading cause of blindness as well as heart attacks, stroke, kidney failure, neuropathy (nerve damage) and lower limb amputation. In fact, in 2017, diabetes was implicated in 4 million deaths worldwide. Nevertheless preventing these complications from diabetes is possible with proper treatment, medication and regular medical screenings as well as improving your diet, physical activity and adopting a healthy lifestyle.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic disease in which the hormone insulin is either underproduced or ineffective in its ability to regulate blood sugar. Uncontrolled diabetes leads to hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, which damages many systems in the body such as the blood vessels and the nervous system.

How Does Diabetes Affect The Eyes?

Diabetic eye disease is a group of conditions which are caused, or worsened, by diabetes; including: diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, glaucoma and cataracts. Diabetes increases the risk of cataracts by four times, and can increase dryness and reduce cornea sensation.

In diabetic retinopathy, over time, the tiny blood vessels within the eyes become damaged, causing leakage, poor oxygen circulation, then scarring of the sensitive tissue within the retina, which can result in further cell damage and scarring.

The longer you have diabetes, and the longer your blood sugar levels remain uncontrolled, the higher the chances of developing diabetic eye disease. Unlike many other vision-threatening conditions which are more prevalent in older individuals, diabetic eye disease is one of the main causes of vision loss in the younger, working-age population. Unfortunately, these eye conditions can lead to blindness if not caught early and treated. In fact, 2.6% of blindness worldwide is due to diabetes.

Diabetic Retinopathy

As mentioned above, diabetes can result in cumulative damage to the blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensitive tissue located at the back of the eye. This is called diabetic retinopathy.

The retina is responsible for converting the light it receives into visual signals to the optic nerve in the brain. High blood sugar levels can cause the blood vessels in the retina to leak or hemorrhage, causing bleeding and distorting vision. In advanced stages, new blood vessels may begin to grow on the retinal surface causing scarring and further damaging cells in the retina. Diabetic retinopathy can eventually lead to blindness.

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy

The early stages of diabetic retinopathy often have no symptoms, which is why it’s vitally important to have frequent diabetic eye exams. As it progresses you may start to notice the following symptoms:

  • Blurred or fluctuating vision or vision loss
  • Floaters (dark spots or strings that appear to float in your visual field)
  • Blind spots
  • Color vision loss

There is no pain associated with diabetic retinopathy to signal any issues. If not controlled, as retinopathy continues it can cause retinal detachment and macular edema, two other serious conditions that threaten vision. Again, there are often NO signs or symptoms until more advanced stages.

A person with diabetes can do their part to control their blood sugar level. Following the physician’s medication plan, as well as diet and exercise recommendations can help slow the progression of diabetic retinopathy.

Retinal Detachment

Scar tissues caused by the breaking and forming of blood vessels in advanced retinopathy can lead to a retinal detachment in which the retina pulls away from the underlying tissue. This condition is a medical emergency and must be treated immediately as it can lead to permanent vision loss. Signs of a retinal detachment include a sudden onset of floaters or flashes in the vision.

Diabetic Macular Edema (DME)

Diabetic macular edema occurs when the macula, a part of the retina responsible for clear central vision, becomes full of fluid (edema). It is a complication of diabetic retinopathy that occurs in about half of patients, and causes vision loss.

Treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy and Diabetic Macular Edema

While vision loss from diabetic retinopathy and DME often can’t be restored, with early detection there are some preventative treatments available. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (when the blood vessels begin to grow abnormally) can be treated by laser surgery, injections or a procedure called vitrectomy in which the vitreous gel in the center of the eye is removed and replaced. This will treat bleeding caused by ruptured blood vessels. DME can be treated with injection therapy, laser surgery or corticosteroids.

Prevent Vision Loss from Diabetes

The best way to prevent vision loss from diabetic eye disease is early detection and treatment. Since there may be no symptoms in the early stages, regular diabetic eye exams are critical for early diagnosis. In fact diabetics are now sometimes monitored by their health insurance to see if they are getting regular eye exams and premium rates can be affected by how regularly the patients get their eyes checked. Keeping diabetes under control through exercise, diet, medication and regular screenings will help to reduce the chances of vision loss and blindness from diabetes.


How Safe is your Eye Makeup Routine?

The health and well-being of your eyesight go deeper than consistent screenings and Optometrist visits. In fact, you should always be aware of what you use in and around your eyes daily. Do you know what is in the eye makeup products you use? A product may be highly advertised and extremely popular, yet unsafe for your eyes. Each individual’s eyes are unique and vary in sensitivity. It is important to understand what can irritate and bother your eyes, especially as they age. Are certain beauty trends putting your eyes at risk?

Product expiration dates

Like groceries, makeup products have a shelf life. Whether are using a product once a month or every day, the moment the packaging seal on the product is broken, the product is subject to contamination from air and bacteria. The bacteria accumulated in the eyeliners, eyeshadows, mascaras, and any other products you use around the eyes are then transferred to your eyes, which can put you at risk of infection. Microbiological and bacterial contaminations are most likely to be found in mascaras and eyeliners, and since these products often get the closest to our eyes, they are the largest threats to healthy eyesight.

In a study conducted on forty expired mascaras, “a high level of contamination with pathogenic microorganisms” were present. Pathogenic microorganisms are known to cause infectious diseases which have been found to result in more serious diagnoses. Depending on the brand, these products may last anywhere from three to six months. Be cautious of the expiration dates for the makeup brands you use and be sure to dispose of them when necessary!

Tight lining your eyes

Tight lining your eyes is an eyeliner application method where the user draws the product along their waterline. Applying the insight you have already gained, the potential bacteria in our eye makeup products should trigger this a red flag. This technique can be dangerously close to the tear film in our eyes. One wrong move and you could have a corneal abrasion, or a scratched eye, causing serious discomfort and irritation. A healthy cornea is essential for clear vision; let’s not compromise the gift of sight for the appearance of darker lashes. Placing the liner outside the inner lash line gets the job done with a lower risk of harming the tear films in our eyes.

Eyelash extensions

Eyelash extensions have become a very popular alternative to applying mascara on lashes every day. Although this technique may seem like a positive solution, considering the apparent use of expired eye makeup products, there are still numerous risks involved. The eyelash extension process is tedious; the stylist dips each individual false lash into glue, then attaches the false lash to a real lash, as close to the lash line as possible to ensure they blend with the natural lashes.

If the stylist uses too much glue or does not place the false lash correctly, glue can seep into clients’ eyes. As a result, clients have experienced “fuzzy” vision, redness, swelling, allergic reactions, abrasions, and infections. There have also been cases where the stylist accidentally pierces the eye with tweezers during the process. All of this could cause temporary or permanent vision issues, depending on the severity. Before diving into eyelash extensions, protect your eyes by researching a well-experienced technician who uses sterilized equipment. Trust me, your eyes will thank you for doing your homework!

Permanent makeup (micropigmentation) –

Permanent makeup is a surgical procedure that uses small needles to puncture the top layers of skin with pigmented granules, similar to tattoos, to achieve the desired makeup look. This technique is popular because users have the freedom to not worry about their makeup fading, running, or smudging as they go about their busy schedules.

Also, permanent makeup usually lasts between 3-5 years. Those seeking out this trend are generally willing to pay the higher costs because of its longevity. These long-lasting cosmetic tattoos save a significant amount of time during morning routines, which may be attractive to people who are not particularly fond of rising before the sun just to get ready.

A successful procedure is contingent on the training and experience of the practitioner. In recent years, the permanent makeup industry has grown faster than the need for practitioners can be met, resulting in inexperienced practitioners taking the risk to perform the procedure without full training. Since the most common permanent makeup enhancement is eyeliner, this procedure has the potential to seriously threaten the health and safety of our eyesight.

Clients may experience blurry vision as a result of the anesthesia, which is the first step in the process. The pigmented granules are considered foreign to the body, which means it is difficult to predict the outcome of the procedure. One of the largest risks is uncertainty; each body will react differently to foreign granules. The reaction could take place immediately following the procedure as a rash, or years later as an allergic reaction in the immune system.

It is important to take note of any changes in your eyesight or around your eyes and to consult a knowledgeable practitioner or doctor if you are unsure of a new symptom. Other reactions include painful keloids, granulomas, swelling, cracking, blistering, scarring, and peeling. In recent years, the number of reported reactions has reached more than 50, initiating investigations by the FDA.

If these brutal reactions and aren’t enough to worry you, there have been at least 10 cases of hepatitis transmission as a result of practitioners using unsterile equipment and needles. Although these are rare cases, it is just another reason to conduct extensive research before confirming the practitioner who will perform your procedure.

The key takeaway, knowledge is power! Always look into your products and procedures before using them. Practice safety when dealing with your vision; our eyes deserve the same amount of love and care as the rest of our body. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms from one of these potential risks, consult a doctor immediately.


Healthy Eye Tips

If you can think of one food that you were told helps with vision, what would that food item be? If we are guessing correctly, we would guess that you were told to eat carrots. You have most likely learned since then that there are other ways to keep those eyes happy and healthy, but do you know what they are? Because the eyes are important organs on your body, we want to give you some advice on maintaining healthy eyes to make sure you maintain healthy vision throughout your life.

Sure, carrots are healthy for you and your eyes, but carrots are not the stopping point for foods that benefit your sight. Generally, eating a balanced and well-rounded diet is enough to keep your eyes healthy. If you are looking for specific foods to benefit your sight, try to consume plenty of omega-3’s, leafy greens, and fruits and vegetables. Basically, if it’s a colorful yellow or orange veggie, go for it!

When you’re headed in to see an eye specialist of any kind, it is important to know your family’s eye health history. Do you know if your family carries a certain gene? Do you have a hereditary disease that occurs in your family? Knowing the answer to these questions is always a good idea when talking to your doctor or specialist. Knowing your risk of developing an eye disease will ensure you have the best chance of catching it early if the warning signs start showing.

EYE PROTECTION! We did not put this first, because this encompasses a lot of tips, but this is possibly one of the best ways to keep your eyes healthy for the long haul. Whether you work at a job that requires protective goggles, you are outside, or you play a sport that necessitates eye protection, it cannot be stressed enough that you should be focusing on protection from elements outside of your body.

Allergens, irritants, and foreign objects can make a home in your eyes and continue to irritate them if the precaution of eye protection is not used. We all know what it feels like to have something in your eye that does not belong there. Do yourself and your vision the favor of covering your eyes when you are outside, at a dangerous job, or playing certain sports.

Your eyes are extremely powerful organs in the body that can handle a lot, but they do get tired. Looking at screens, being in direct sunlight, and focusing on one thing for too long all have a play in tiring out your eyes. If you notice that your eyes feel a little more strained when doing certain tasks, take yourself away from that task and try something not as hard on the eyes for a while. Your eyes are telling you that they need a break, and this is not something you should ignore.